Please wait while we process your payment
If you don't see it, please check your spam folder. Sometimes it can end up there.
Don’t have an account?
Create Your Account
Sign up for your FREE 7-day trial
Already have an account? Log in
Choose Your Plan
$4.99/month + tax
$24.99/year + tax
Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan!
for a group?
Get Annual Plans at a discount when you buy 2 or more!
$18.74 /subscription + tax
Subtotal $37.48 + tax
on 2-49 accounts
on 50-99 accounts
Want 100 or more?
for a customized plan.
You'll be billed after your free trial ends.
7-Day Free Trial
Renews March 1, 2024
February 23, 2024
Discounts (applied to next billing)
This is not a valid promo code.
(one code per order)
Annual Plan - Group Discount
SparkNotes Plus subscription is $4.99/month or $24.99/year as selected above. The free trial period is the first 7 days of your subscription. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at email@example.com. Your subscription will continue automatically once the free trial period is over. Free trial is available to new customers only.
For the next 7 days, you'll have access to awesome PLUS stuff like AP English test prep, No Fear Shakespeare translations and audio, a note-taking tool, personalized dashboard, & much more!
You’ve successfully purchased a group discount. Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. You'll also receive an email with the link.
Members will be prompted to log in or create an account to redeem their group membership.
Thanks for creating a SparkNotes account! Continue to start your free trial.
Your PLUS subscription has expired
Motifs are recurring structures, contrasts, and literary devices that can help to develop and inform the text’s major themes.
Jack has had a special affection for cats since he and Eddie adopted Sugarpuss as boys in Philadelphia. Marcus notices the similarities between Jack and his cat, Pistol, when he first visits Jack at his farm. Jack and Pistol move with the same quickness, and Pistol hunts his prey with the same control with which Jack hunts his human prey. And like cats, which are said to have nine lives, Jack has an uncanny ability to elude death.
The rosary Jack carries from time to time signifies his guilt over losing touch with his family and his religion. Jack sings a song called "My Mother's Rosary," which likely suggests the guilt he feels upon thinking of his mother and her faith. Jack has tried to make up for his wicked lifestyle by donating gobs of money to his local church. He probably feels guilt beyond the guilt caused by living a sinful life, for he has also abandoned his faith and joined the Masons, a Protestant group. Jack claims to have joined the Masons for business purposes, but he is genuinely interested in the organization.
Jack develops a special fondness for canaries, mostly due to his odd experience on a canary-carrying freight boat. Jack can relate to canaries in many ways. A reporter once calls Jack a bird in a gilded cage. Jack is like a caged bird because he is tied to a lifestyle that places certain restrictions on the way he must conduct himself. Alice and Kiki are also connected to canaries, because Jack names his two canaries after his two women. Kiki has a lot in common with a caged bird, for she is constantly kept in a hotel under the supervision of one of Jack's men. At one point, Kiki tells Jack that he treats women like animals. He does force Alice and Kiki to live with him almost as if they are pets he is collecting.
Ace your assignments with our guide to Legs!