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After holding her kitten Kitty in front of the mirror and describing the house on "the other side" of it, Alice walks through the mirror into the Looking-Glass House. There, the pictures seem alive, the clock has a man's face, and chessmen walk. She brings the White Queen and King up a table to their child Lily (a Pawn), reads the poem "Jabberwocky", which is written backwards, then floats out of the house to explore outdoors.
Read a full Summary & Analysis of Chapter 1.
Outside the house, Alice climbs a hill to look at a garden, but as she moves forward, she is taken backwards. She then talks to a Tiger-lily, threatens some Daisies, and is insulted by a Rose and a Violet. She meets the Red Queen, who explains the chess game being played on a giant board over the countryside, allows Alice to participate as a White Pawn, and disappears.
Read a full Summary & Analysis of Chapter 2.
Alice observes some elephants pollinating flowers and making honey, jumps over some brooks, and finds herself on a train, where the Guard asks for her ticket and the other passengers comment on her. She discusses insects with a Gnat, then goes through a wood where things have no names and forgets hers until a Fawn leads her out. Then she follows some road signs and bumps into Tweedledum and Tweedledee.
Read a full Summary & Analysis of Chapter 3.
Upon meeting Tweedledum and Tweedledee, Alice recites a poem about the twins and dances with them. Tweedledee recites the poem "The Walrus and the Carpenter," and they discuss its characters. Then he makes Alice cry after saying she will vanish if the Red King stops dreaming about her. The twins decide to fight for a rattle, and Alice helps them with their battle gear. Then, scared off by a giant crow, she goes into the wood.
Read a full Summary & Analysis of Chapter 4.
Alice finds and returns a shawl to the White Queen, who tells her she lives backwards and remembers both past and future events. After they discuss impossible things, the queen becomes a Sheep and they find themselves in a shop, then in a boat, and back in the shop. Alice pays for an egg, which the Sheep puts on a shelf for her, but as Alice walks toward the egg, the shop turns into the wood.
Read a full Summary & Analysis of Chapter 5.
The egg Alice bought grows large and turns into Humpty Dumpty, sitting on a wall. Alice annoys him by saying he resembles an egg, reciting the nursery rhyme about him, and confusing his cravat with a belt. He discusses the meaning of names, explains some words from the poem "Jabberwocky", and recites a poem for her. As Alice leaves, annoyed with him, a heavy crash shakes the forest.
Read a full Summary & Analysis of Chapter 6.
After waiting for several soldiers and horses to pass through the wood, Alice comes across the White King and his messenger Haigha. As they all run to see a fight between the Lion and the Unicorn, Alice recites the nursery rhyme about these creatures. There she meets another messenger, Hatta; agrees with the Unicorn to believe in each other; and distributes the plum-cake during a break. Then she hears some deafening drumbeat and flees across a brook.
Read a full Summary & Analysis of Chapter 7.
The Red Knight barrels toward Alice, screaming "Check!", but the White Knight fights him and rescues her. As he escorts Alice to a brook for her to become a queen, the White Knight describes his possessions and inventions, repeatedly falls off his horse, and sings her a song. Then Alice sees him off, jumps over the brook, and becomes a queen with a golden crown.
Read a full Summary & Analysis of Chapter 8.
Alice is examined by the White and the Red Queens. The Red one sings a lullaby, both queens fall asleep, then vanish. Alice goes to the dinner in her honor and sits between the two queens. After she serves the guests pudding and the room erupts into chaos, Alice pulls the tablecloth, sending everything to the ground. She shakes the Red Queen, this turns into Kitty, Alice wakes up, then talks to her cats about the dream.
Read a full Summary & Analysis of Chapter Chapters 9–12.