Dante spent the rest of his life in exile. Dante’s exile plays a significant role in his writing of the Inferno. First, Dante emphasizes that Fortune, a Christianized version of Fate, determines human affairs. As Virgil teaches, human fortune changes swiftly; the lesson enables Dante to bear his own loss of fortune. Second, Dante’s political allegiances influence his placing of sinners in Hell. While honoring noble people who happened to belong to the opposite political party, such as the military leader Farinata, Dante condemns the people responsible for his exile, including the pope. The Inferno thus extends Dante’s political position, arguing that even religious leaders are accountable for their actions.