full title Ceremony
author Leslie Marmon Silko
type of work Novel, but incorporates poetry
genre Native American story; postmodern
language English (with inclusion of Laguna Pueblo words)
time and place written Mid-1970s, New Mexico.
date of first publication 1977
narrator Third person narrator limited to Tayo's perspective, in addition to third person limited and omniscient and first person narrators in the poems
climax The night at the abandoned mine.
antagonist whites; and Emo
setting (time) The main present of the text is set just after World War II, but the text ranges in time from a mythical past through the 1920s and World War II up until that present.
setting (place) The majority of the novel is set on and around the Laguna Reservation, in the Southwest of the United States, although portions are also set in a mythical land, and in the Philippines.
point of view Primarily third person limited
falling action World War II
foreshadowing As time in the novel runs in a circular fashion, all events are at once foreshadowed and remembered.
tone Somber but hopeful
themes Storytelling; contact between Native American and white cultures; tradition; water and drought
motifs Non-linear narrative structure; combination of poetry and prose
symbols The Gallup Ceremonial