Please wait while we process your payment
If you don't see it, please check your spam folder. Sometimes it can end up there.
Don’t have an account?
Create Your Account
Sign up for your FREE 7-day trial
Already have an account? Log in
Choose Your Plan
$4.99/month + tax
$24.99/year + tax
Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan!
for a group?
Get Annual Plans at a discount when you buy 2 or more!
$18.74 /subscription + tax
Subtotal $37.48 + tax
on 2-49 accounts
on 50-99 accounts
Want 100 or more?
for a customized plan.
You'll be billed after your free trial ends.
7-Day Free Trial
Renews September 29, 2023
September 22, 2023
Discounts (applied to next billing)
This is not a valid promo code.
(one code per order)
Annual Plan - Group Discount
SparkNotes Plus subscription is $4.99/month or $24.99/year as selected above. The free trial period is the first 7 days of your subscription. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at email@example.com. Your subscription will continue automatically once the free trial period is over. Free trial is available to new customers only.
For the next 7 days, you'll have access to awesome PLUS stuff like AP English test prep, No Fear Shakespeare translations and audio, a note-taking tool, personalized dashboard, & much more!
You’ve successfully purchased a group discount. Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. You'll also receive an email with the link.
Members will be prompted to log in or create an account to redeem their group membership.
Thanks for creating a SparkNotes account! Continue to start your free trial.
Your PLUS subscription has expired
*See discount terms and conditions.
Author Octavia E. Butler
Type of work Novel
Genre Bildungsroman, historical fiction, science fiction,
Time and place written Maryland, 1979
Date of first publication
Point of view First person
Tone Spare, straightforward, sober
1976 and early nineteeth century
Setting (place) California and Maryland
Major conflict Dana struggles to survive in antebellum Maryland.
Rising action Dana is taxed with saving Rufus’s life.
Climax Rufus attempts to rape Dana.
Falling action Dana kills Rufus.
Themes The corrupting influence of power; the bondage of familial
Motifs Violence, home, race
Symbols Whips, birthdays, maps
Foreshadowing Sarah’s warning foreshadows Rufus’s failure to mail
the letter; Dana’s fear of Rufus’s jealousy foreshadows Sam’s sale
Ace your assignments with our guide to Kindred!