Please wait while we process your payment
If you don't see it, please check your spam folder. Sometimes it can end up there.
Don’t have an account?
Create Your Account
Sign up for your FREE 7-day trial
Already have an account? Log in
Choose Your Plan
$4.99/month + tax
$24.99/year + tax
Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan!
for a group?
Get Annual Plans at a discount when you buy 2 or more!
$18.74 /subscription + tax
Subtotal $37.48 + tax
on 2-49 accounts
on 50-99 accounts
Want 100 or more?
for a customized plan.
You'll be billed after your free trial ends.
7-Day Free Trial
Renews December 5, 2023
November 28, 2023
Discounts (applied to next billing)
This is not a valid promo code.
(one code per order)
Annual Plan - Group Discount
SparkNotes Plus subscription is $4.99/month or $24.99/year as selected above. The free trial period is the first 7 days of your subscription. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at email@example.com. Your subscription will continue automatically once the free trial period is over. Free trial is available to new customers only.
For the next 7 days, you'll have access to awesome PLUS stuff like AP English test prep, No Fear Shakespeare translations and audio, a note-taking tool, personalized dashboard, & much more!
You’ve successfully purchased a group discount. Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. You'll also receive an email with the link.
Members will be prompted to log in or create an account to redeem their group membership.
Thanks for creating a SparkNotes account! Continue to start your free trial.
Your PLUS subscription has expired
See discount terms and conditions.
Missoula: Rape and the Justice System in a College Town
Author Jon Krakauer
Type of work Nonfiction Narrative
Genre Investigative Journalism
Place and time written The book was researched in Missoula, Montana and written in Missoula, Montana and Bolder, Colorado between 2012 and 2015
Date of first publication April 21st 2015
Narrator Jon Krakauer, the author
Point of View Krakauer narrates in a removed, journalistic third person. He uses the first person only in the closing section of the book. The narration shifts perspective from one subject to another. Sometimes, Krakauer presents his subjects’ inner thoughts and feelings by quoting from interviews he conducted with them after the events he narrates.
Tone Krakauer presents events in a factual and legalistic way. In between his descriptions of the events, however, he is more of an activist. He argues for victims’ rights and criticizes the way various people or institutions behave when responding to rape reports.
Tense The events of the various stories are told in the past, but Krakauer argues certain points using the present.
Setting (time) 2008 – 2014
Setting (place) Missoula, Montana and the surrounding region
Protagonist Allison Huguet and Cecilia Washburn are the two main protagonists of Missoula. Krakauer aligns himself and invests the readers’ attention in all the victims of rape covered in the book.
Major conflict The major conflict is in the book is rape victims’ search for justice.
Rising action The action rises in Allison’s story when Allison and her family negotiate with prosecutors over the terms of Beau Donaldson’s plea agreement and during the testimony given at Beau’s plea hearing. The action rises in Cecilia Washburn’s story during Jordan Johnson’s university investigation and throughout the testimony given at Johnson’s jury trial.
Climax The climax of Allison’s story is Beau’s sentence of thirty years in the state prison with twenty years suspended. The climax of Cecilia Washburn’s story is Jordan Johnson’s “not guilty” verdict.
Falling Action After their stories reach their climaxes, both Allison and Cecilia Washburn attempt to move on with their lives in the face of trauma. Allison is forced to appear at a re-sentencing hearing for Beau even though Beau agreed not to dispute his sentence when he signed his plea agreement.
Themes The widespread repercussions of acquaintance rape, insensitivity and bias in the American criminal justice system, college football and the privilege of football players
Motifs Media scrutiny; binge drinking, intoxication, and date rape drugs; the definition of consent
Symbols The sixty-eight inch cardboard cutout, the Dear Colleague Letter, the dais
Foreshadowing Beau Donaldson’s lenient sentence is foreshadowed when prosecutor Shaun Donovan argues that he will not insist on a punishment simply because it is what a victim wants. Jordan Johnson’s not guilty verdict is foreshadowed by numerous mentions by prosecutors of the difficulty of convicting an acquaintance rapist in a jury trial.