Alter, Robert and frank kermode, eds. The Literary Guide to the Bible. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987.

Auerbach, Erich. “Odysseus’ Scar.” Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature. Trans. Willard R. Trask. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1953.

Barton, John and john muddiman, eds. The Oxford Bible Commentary. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Freedman, David Noel, ed. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: W. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2000.

Jagersma, Henk. A History of Israel in the Old Testament Period. Trans. John Bowden. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1983.

Miles, Jack. God: A Biography. New York: Vintage Books, 1995.

Noth, Martin. The History of Israel. 2nd ed. Trans. P. R. Ackroyd. New York: Harper and Row, 1960.