Please wait while we process your payment
If you don't see it, please check your spam folder. Sometimes it can end up there.
Don’t have an account?
Create Your Account
Sign up for your FREE 7-day trial
Already have an account? Log in
Choose Your Plan
$4.99/month + tax
$24.99/year + tax
Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan!
for a group?
Get Annual Plans at a discount when you buy 2 or more!
$18.74 /subscription + tax
Subtotal $37.48 + tax
on 2-49 accounts
on 50-99 accounts
Want 100 or more?
for a customized plan.
You'll be billed after your free trial ends.
7-Day Free Trial
Renews September 29, 2023
September 22, 2023
Discounts (applied to next billing)
This is not a valid promo code.
(one code per order)
Annual Plan - Group Discount
SparkNotes Plus subscription is $4.99/month or $24.99/year as selected above. The free trial period is the first 7 days of your subscription. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at email@example.com. Your subscription will continue automatically once the free trial period is over. Free trial is available to new customers only.
For the next 7 days, you'll have access to awesome PLUS stuff like AP English test prep, No Fear Shakespeare translations and audio, a note-taking tool, personalized dashboard, & much more!
You’ve successfully purchased a group discount. Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. You'll also receive an email with the link.
Members will be prompted to log in or create an account to redeem their group membership.
Thanks for creating a SparkNotes account! Continue to start your free trial.
Your PLUS subscription has expired
*See discount terms and conditions.
Of all the characters in the novel, Fielding is clearly
the most associated with Forster himself. Among the Englishmen in
Chandrapore, Fielding is far and away most the successful at developing
and sustaining relationships with native Indians. Though he is an
educator, he is less comfortable in teacher-student interaction
than he is in one-on-one conversation with another individual. This
latter style serves as Forster’s model of liberal humanism—Forster
and Fielding treat the world as a group of individuals who can connect
through mutual respect, courtesy, and intelligence.
Fielding, in these viewpoints, presents the main threat
to the mentality of the English in India. He educates Indians as
individuals, engendering a movement of free thought that has the
potential to destabilize English colonial power. Furthermore, Fielding
has little patience for the racial categorization that is so central
to the English grip on India. He honors his friendship with Aziz
over any alliance with members of his own race—a reshuffling of
allegiances that threatens the solidarity of the English. Finally,
Fielding “travels light,” as he puts it: he does not believe in
marriage, but favors friendship instead. As such, Fielding implicitly
questions the domestic conventions upon which the Englishmen’s sense
of “Englishness” is founded. Fielding refuses to sentimentalize
domestic England or to venerate the role of the wife or mother—a
far cry from the other Englishmen, who put Adela on a pedestal after
the incident at the caves.
Fielding’s character changes in the aftermath of Aziz’s
trial. He becomes jaded about the Indians as well as the English.
His English sensibilities, such as his need for proportion and reason,
become more prominent and begin to grate against Aziz’s Indian sensibilities.
By the end of A Passage to India, Forster seems
to identify with Fielding less. Whereas Aziz remains a likable,
if flawed, character until the end of the novel, Fielding becomes
less likable in his increasing identification and sameness with
Ace your assignments with our guide to A Passage to India!