Act One

Man, remember, until an hour before the Devil fell, God thought him beautiful in Heaven.

This is an allusion to the story of the Devil, who, before falling from heaven to hell, was God’s brightest angel.

Pontius Pilate! God will not let you wash your hands of this!

This is an allusion to Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor who presided over the trial of Jesus but literally washed his hands in public to wash away any responsibility for Jesus’s death.

Act Four

Mr. Hale, as God have not empowered me like Joshua to stop this sun from rising, so I cannot withhold from them the perfection of their punishment.

This is an allusion to the biblical figure Joshua, who, after Moses dies, leads the Israelites in the conquest of the land of Canaan and asks God to make the sun and moon stand still so the Israelites can continue their battle in daylight.