full title The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe
author C. S. (Clive Staples) Lewis
type of work Novel
genre Children's literature
time and place written 1950, England
date of first publication 1950
publisher Geoffrey Bless (original London publication)
narrator Anonymous. The narrator reveals the story of Narnia through the eyes of a child and reveals the thoughts and motivations of the Pevensies, particularly Lucy and Edmund.
point of view The narrator speaks in the third person and focuses on what the children can observe. The narrator is omniscient, and knows the hidden motives and emotions of the characters. The narrator alternates between providing insight into the actions and thoughts of Lucy, Aslan, and Edmund.
tone Colloquial and relaxed
tense Immediate past
setting (time) World War II
setting (place) The English countryside and the magical land of Narnia
antagonist The White Witch
major conflict Aslan, who represents good, defends the land of Narnia against the cruel and evil White Witch
rising action The children enter Narnia and discover that the White Witch has taken Tumnus. Aslan returns to Narnia and breaks the Witch's spell, and Christmas arrives. Edmund betrays his siblings and must forfeit his life to the White Witch.
climax The Witch murders Aslan, who has sacrificed his life so that Edmund can live.
falling action Includes the resurrection of Aslan and the final battle between the Witch's forces and Aslan's followers. Also, the reign of the Pevensie children over Narnia.
themes Christian allegory, faith, the possibility of the impossible, redemption, rebirth
motifs Winter, spring, mythology
symbols Narnia, Aslan, the White Witch, the Stone Table, the sea, fish
foreshadowing Occurs when the Witch makes a bargain with Aslan and we sense evil on the horizon