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A Clash of Kings

George R.R. Martin

Key Facts

Main ideas Key Facts

full title · A Clash of Kings

author · George R. R. Martin

type of work · Novel

genre · Fantasy

language · English

time and place written · Mid-1990s, New Mexico, United States

date of first publication · November 1998

publisher · Voyager Books (United Kingdom)

narrator · A third-person limited narrator tells the story from the point of view of several main characters as the events occur.

point of view · Third-person limited

tone · Direct and engaging

tense · Past

setting (time) · A fictional present based on medieval Europe

setting (place) · The fictional Seven Kingdoms of Westeros and the lands across the narrow sea

protagonist · Multiple

major conflict · Numerous characters vie for the Iron Throne of the Seven Kingdoms of Westeros.

rising action · The rival armies maneuver around one another in the field while characters jockey for political position and personal survival.

climax · Tyrion and Tywin Lannister defend King’s Landing from Stannis Baratheon, leaving the Stark forces alone to face the Lannister armies.

falling action · The Lannisters consolidate their hold on power in the capital and the youngest Stark children flee their home to destinations unknown.

themes · The Chaos of War, Disadvantage as a Source of Power, The Necessity of Confronting Difficult Truths

motifs · Abandoned Settlements, Incest, Rumor

symbols · The Comet, The Sigils, The Direwolves

foreshadowing · Bran’s dreams, Jojen’s dreams, Arya’s sword practice, Davos’s advice to Stannis to attack King’s Landing quickly