Discuss the role that family allegiance plays in the lives of Cosette, Marius, and Gavroche.

How do you account for Eponine’s selflessness? Is it significant that one of Hugo’s most noble characters is a member of the Thénardier family?

Discuss Hugo’s treatment of the Industrial Revolution. Is there any one place or city that best represents the pros and cons of industry?

What ultimately drives Javert to suicide?

How do Hugo’s descriptions of Paris relate to the central themes of the novel?

Discuss the ways in which Valjean both helps and hinders Cosette as she becomes an adult.