Please wait while we process your payment
If you don't see it, please check your spam folder. Sometimes it can end up there.
Don’t have an account?
Create Your Account
Sign up for your FREE 7-day trial
Already have an account? Log in
Choose Your Plan
$4.99/month + tax
$24.99/year + tax
Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan!
for a group?
Get Annual Plans at a discount when you buy 2 or more!
$18.74 /subscription + tax
Subtotal $37.48 + tax
on 2-49 accounts
on 50-99 accounts
Want 100 or more?
for a customized plan.
You'll be billed after your free trial ends.
7-Day Free Trial
Renews December 11, 2023
December 4, 2023
Discounts (applied to next billing)
This is not a valid promo code.
(one code per order)
Annual Plan - Group Discount
SparkNotes Plus subscription is $4.99/month or $24.99/year as selected above. The free trial period is the first 7 days of your subscription. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at firstname.lastname@example.org. Your subscription will continue automatically once the free trial period is over. Free trial is available to new customers only.
For the next 7 days, you'll have access to awesome PLUS stuff like AP English test prep, No Fear Shakespeare translations and audio, a note-taking tool, personalized dashboard, & much more!
You’ve successfully purchased a group discount. Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. You'll also receive an email with the link.
Members will be prompted to log in or create an account to redeem their group membership.
Thanks for creating a SparkNotes account! Continue to start your free trial.
Your PLUS subscription has expired
See discount terms and conditions.
Pablo, the exasperating leader of the guerrilla band,
is a complex character and an unpredictable force in the novel—a
man who is difficult to like but ultimately difficult to condemn
unwaveringly. Pablo and Robert Jordan view each other with mutual
suspicion and dislike from the start: Pablo adamantly opposes the
bridge operation and views Robert Jordan as a threat to the guerrilleros’ safety,
while Robert Jordan senses that Pablo will betray the guerrilleros
and sabotage the mission. Hemingway uses a variety of unflattering
imagery to highlight Pablo’s uncooperative and confrontational nature,
often comparing Pablo to a bull, a boar, and other stubborn and
In virtually all of his actions, Pablo displays a selfish
lack of restraint, an irresponsible individualism that contrasts
with Robert Jordan’s pragmatic and morally motivated outlook. Pablo
rashly follows his impulses, whether in the cruel slaughter of the
Fascists in his hometown or in the theft of Robert Jordan’s explosives. Although
this self-indulgence made Pablo a strong and courageous fighter
when he was younger, it now proves a liability, for it sows dissent
within the guerrilla band and jeopardizes the mission. As Pilar
says, Pablo once would have sacrificed anything for the Republican
cause but has “gone bad” as the war has dragged on and now wavers
in his loyalties.
Despite Pablo’s disagreeable characteristics, however,
he is not an evil man, and we cannot label him a villain. Although
he is stubborn, rash, and sometimes brutal, Pablo displays a clear
sense of conscience and realizes when he has done something wrong.
He wishes he could bring back to life the Fascists he massacred
in his town, and he characterizes his theft of Robert Jordan’s explosives
as a “moment of weakness.” At the same time, however, it is impossible
to ignore the fact that Pablo feels remorse over a deed only after it’s
too late to do anything about it. Above all, Pablo fears death and is
exhausted with the war. He simply wants the war to end so that he may
live a peaceful life in the country along with Pilar and his horses—a
sentiment that is difficult to judge harshly. Ironically, it is Pablo,
not Robert Jordan, who survives at the end of the novel. However,
although Pablo stays alive, he does so without the moral strength
that Robert Jordan maintains and develops throughout For Whom
the Bell Tolls.
Ace your assignments with our guide to For Whom The Bell Tolls!