Dystopian; philosophical novel; social satire; black comedy


Alex narrates A Clockwork Orange immediately after the events of the novel.

Point of view 

The narrator speaks in the first person, subjectively describing only what he sees, hears, thinks, and experiences.


Irreverent; comical; hateful; playful; juvenile


Past, though in the last few paragraphs the narrator switches to present tense

Setting (time) 

The not-so-distant future

Setting (place) 

A large town or small city in England, as well as an English countryside village



Major conflict 

Alex asserts himself against the State, which seeks to suppress his freedom by psychologically removing his power to make free choices.

Rising action 

Alex commits several violent crimes that disrupt the order of the State.


Alex is apprehended by the police and sent to jail, where he eventually undergoes behavioral conditioning that kills his capacity for violence.

Falling action 

Alex becomes a being incapable of making moral decisions, and he is caught up in a political struggle between the current government and a cabal of revolutionaries.


In Part One, Chapter 1, Alex foreshadows more violence before the night’s end by telling us that the “night is still very young.” In Part One, Chapter 3, the names Gitterfenster and Bettzeug foreshadow Alex’s impending imprisonment and suicide attempt, respectively. In Part One, Chapter 5, Alex foreshadows the parallels between himself and Christ, which will continue throughout the novel, and shape the novel’s three-part structure. In Part One, Chapter 5 Alex foreshadows his apprehension by the police, as well as everything else that befalls him, when he tells us that he leads his droogs to his doom. In Part Two, Chapter 7, Alex foreshadows the conflict in Part Three between the State and F. Alexander’s faction of political dissidents when he tells us that his mention of F. Alexander’s manuscript “A Clockwork Orange” hushes the room for a minute.